Hazard Mitigation is the sustained actions to prevent or reduce damage to life, property and the environment during an event. These actions are taken usually pre-disaster event and aim to improve the resiliency of the community. Actions can be as simple as ditching a road or as complex as changing local ordinances.
Hazard Mitigation plans are created by representatives from local, county and state governments. The plans are reviewed and projects are re-assessed every five years. With all levels collaborating to develop the plan each municipality that participates is eligible for pre-disaster hazard mitigation funding which is disbursed from the State from the Federal Emergency Management Agency or FEMA.
The National Institute of Building Science has found that for every one dollar that is spent on mitigation funding it can save up to six dollars in future costs. All Hazard Mitigation projects are done with this in mind and aim to reduce the impact of future disasters today.
The Sagadahoc County Hazard Mitigation Plan was most recently approved and formally adopted in 2017. It can be found here.